CAS-TWAS > Green Technology > Electrofluorochromism in π-conjugated ionic liquid crystals

Ionic Liquids and Green Reaction/Separation Engine

Electrofluorochromism in π-conjugated ionic liquid crystals

Abstract

 
Materials in which photoluminescence is modulated by redox processes are known as electrofluorochromic. Intrinsically switchable fluorophores, incorporating both redox and fluorescent moieties, could be ideal electrofluorochromic materials if they possess high fluorescence quantum yields in at least one of their redox states. Fluorescent liquid crystals with redox active centres could combine the above requirements with the advantage to work in bulk anisotropic phases. However, electrofluorochromic liquid crystals have not been reported yet because their synthesis is challenging due to aggregation-caused fluorescent quenching. Here we show the first examples of electrofluorochromic π-conjugated ionic liquid crystals based on thienoviologens. These ordered materials, combining ionic and electronic functions, are highly fluorescence in the bulk state (quantum yield>60%). Their direct electrochemical reduction leads to fast and reversible bulk electrofluorochromic response in both columnar and smectic phases allowing for fluorescence intensity modulation and colour tuning.
Fluorescence colour tuning by electric field-induced transition effect.
 
Nature Communications
 
5,
 
Article number:
 
3105
 
doi:10.1038/ncomms4105
Received
 
Accepted
 
Published